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Pituitary Adenoma

Pituitary Adenoma

Pituitary adenoma is a benign tumor that develops in the pituitary gland, a part of the brain responsible for regulating the body's hormonal balance. This condition can cause various disruptions in the functioning of the pituitary gland and adjacent structures.


  • Microadenoma - tumor size is less than 10 mm.
  • Macroadenoma - tumor size exceeds 10 mm.
  • Giant adenoma - tumor size is greater than 40 mm.


Symptoms of pituitary adenoma may include headaches, vision disturbances, changes in hormonal status (e.g. sexual development), as well as other neurological signs.


The exact causes of pituitary adenoma are unknown, but genetic factors, radiation exposure, and certain hormonal imbalances are believed to contribute to the formation of the tumor.


Diagnosis of pituitary adenoma may involve MRI and CT scans of the brain, blood tests for hormonal levels, and other diagnostic methods.


Treatment of pituitary adenoma may include observation, medication therapy, radiotherapy, or surgical intervention, depending on the size of the tumor, its type, and symptoms.


Since the exact causes of pituitary adenoma are unknown, there are no specific preventive measures. However, a healthy lifestyle, regular medical check-ups, and timely treatment of hormonal imbalances may contribute to early detection of the disease.


Treatment of pituitary adenoma is carried out by an endocrinologist, neurosurgeon, and oncologist, depending on the characteristics of the tumor and accompanying disorders.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.