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What is Allergic Rhinitis?

Description of the disease

Allergic rhinitis is an inflammatory condition of the nasal mucous membrane caused by an allergic reaction to various substances, such as dust, pollen, pet dander, and other allergens.


  • Seasonal allergic rhinitis - occurs at a specific time of the year, most commonly in spring or autumn, due to pollen from blooming plants.
  • Perennial allergic rhinitis - caused by constant exposure to allergens such as dust or pet dander.


  • Sneezing, runny nose, nasal congestion
  • Itching and burning in the nose, eyes, and throat
  • Cough, fatigue


Allergic rhinitis is caused by the immune system's hypersensitivity to certain substances that are considered harmless to most people.


Diagnostic tests for allergic rhinitis include allergy tests, rhinoscopy, and complete blood count.


Treatment for allergic rhinitis includes the use of antihistamines, corticosteroids, nasal irrigation with saline solutions, immunotherapy, and avoiding contact with allergens.


To prevent allergic rhinitis, one should avoid contact with known allergens, regularly ventilate the room, and use an air purifier.


Allergist-immunologist is responsible for treating allergic rhinitis.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.