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What Are Anal Fissures?

Description of the Disease

Anal fissures, or anal cracks, are linear breaks in the skin around the anus. This condition usually causes painful sensations and bleeding during defecation.


  • Active anal fissures
  • Chronic anal fissures


  • Pain and discomfort during defecation
  • Bloody traces on toilet paper
  • Itching in the anal area


The main causes of anal fissures include trauma to the mucous membrane of the anus, constipation, childbirth, and some diseases such as hemorrhoids.


The diagnosis is usually made after an examination by a proctologist and may include proctoscopy or other procedures to more thoroughly examine the condition of the anus.


Treatment of anal fissures may include the use of topical preparations, dietary changes, application of soft medications, and in some cases - surgical interventions.


  • Proper nutrition and water intake
  • Prevention of constipation
  • Avoidance of traumatic manipulations


For the diagnosis and treatment of anal fissures, it is necessary to consult a proctologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.