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What is Aortic Stenosis?

Description of the disease

Aortic stenosis is a serious condition characterized by narrowing of the aortic valve, which is responsible for pumping blood from the left ventricle into the aorta. This leads to impaired blood flow and overload of the heart.


  • By cause: rheumatic, calcific, fibrotic
  • By the degree of narrowing: moderate, severe


Symptoms of aortic stenosis may include shortness of breath, fatigue, dizziness, chest pain, palpitations.


The main causes of aortic stenosis are rheumatic fever, valve calcification, congenital anomalies.


Diagnosis includes physical examination, ECG, echocardiography, computed tomography.


Treatment may include medication, surgical intervention (aortic valve replacement, valve repair).


Prevention includes regular medical check-ups, treatment of rheumatic fever, and cardiovascular care.


Cardiologists treat aortic stenosis. In some cases, a consultation with a cardiac surgeon may be necessary.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.