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What is Ankle Osteoarthritis?

Description of the disease

Ankle osteoarthritis is a chronic degenerative disease characterized by the disruption of the structure and function of the joint surface. It leads to the gradual destruction of cartilage tissue and the formation of osteophytes, causing painful sensations and limited joint mobility.


  • Primary osteoarthritis - develops without preceding trauma or other diseases.
  • Secondary osteoarthritis - develops against the background of other diseases or injuries of the ankle joint.


  • Pain in the ankle joint area, worsened by weight-bearing.
  • Swelling and thickening of the joint.
  • Crepitus and stiffness during movement.
  • Joint mobility limitation.


The main causes of ankle osteoarthritis development are excessive joint load, injuries, metabolic disorders, genetic predisposition.


X-ray, MRI, CT scans, and laboratory tests are used for diagnosis of ankle osteoarthritis.


Treatment may include the prescription of anti-inflammatory, pain-relieving drugs, physiotherapy, massage, stretching exercises, and muscle strengthening.


To prevent ankle osteoarthritis, it is recommended to maintain a normal weight, avoid excessive joint load, lead an active lifestyle, and consume a diet rich in chondroitin and glucosamine.


Ankle osteoarthritis is treated by a rheumatologist or an orthopedic surgeon.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.