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What is Ascites?

Description of the disease

Ascites is a pathological condition characterized by the presence of free fluid in the abdominal cavity. This can be a sign of a serious condition such as liver cirrhosis or cancer.


  • Transudative ascites
  • Exudative ascites


  • Abdominal swelling
  • Swelling of the legs and abdominal wall
  • Difficulty breathing


Ascites can occur as a result of diseases such as liver cirrhosis, cancer, heart failure, or infectious diseases.


Diagnosis of ascites includes analysis of fluid from the abdominal cavity, ultrasound examination, computer tomography, and other diagnostic methods.


Treatment of ascites depends on its cause, but may include diet, medication, fluid drainage procedures, or even surgery.


Prevention of ascites includes controlling the diseases that may lead to its development, proper nutrition, avoiding alcohol, and other precautionary measures.


Ascites is treated by a gastroenterologist or hepatologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.