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What is Atheroma?

Description of the disease

Atheroma is a cystic formation that arises from the sebaceous glands of the skin. It is a benign tumor that can occur due to the blockage of the outlet ducts of the sebaceous gland.


  • Epidermal atheroma - formed as a result of blockage of the outlet duct of the hair follicle.
  • Seborrheic atheroma - arises due to blockage of the sebaceous gland.


Atheroma manifests as a slowly growing, mobile, painful formation under the skin, usually on the head, neck, face, or in the genital area.


The causes of atheroma may be related to excessive sebum secretion, skin trauma, hormonal changes.


Diagnostics are performed by a doctor based on inspection and palpation of the tumor. Sometimes, ultrasonography may be required.


Treatment of atheroma involves surgical removal of the tumor. Sometimes, antibiotic treatment may be required.


Prevention includes proper skin care, prevention of skin trauma, and the use of agents to reduce sebum secretion.


A surgeon or dermatologist treats atheroma.

Note: This material is provided solely for informational purposes and is not medical advice.