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What is Autoimmune Thyroiditis?

Description of the disease

Autoimmune thyroiditis is an inflammatory condition of the thyroid gland, caused by a malfunction of the body's immune system. As a result of this process, immune cells attack the body's own thyroid tissue, causing inflammation and damage.


  • Chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis (Hashimoto's).
  • Chronic follicular thyroiditis.


Symptoms of autoimmune thyroiditis may include fatigue, weakness, increased sensitivity to cold, weight loss, insomnia, rapid heartbeat, depression, memory and attention problems, as well as pain in the area of the thyroid gland.


The causes of autoimmune thyroiditis may include genetic factors, exposure to viruses and bacteria, as well as immune system disorders.


Diagnosis of autoimmune thyroiditis includes testing of thyroid hormone levels, ultrasound examination, biopsy of thyroid tissue.


Treatment of autoimmune thyroiditis may involve taking hormone medications, medications that improve thyroid function, and, in some cases, surgical removal of part or all of the thyroid gland.


Prevention of autoimmune thyroiditis may include a healthy lifestyle, strengthening the immune system, and avoiding stressful situations.


To diagnose and treat autoimmune thyroiditis, it is necessary to consult an endocrinologist or thyroid specialist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.