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What is Bacterial Vaginosis (Vaginal Dysbiosis)?

Description of the disease

Bacterial vaginosis, or vaginal dysbiosis, is a disruption of the vaginal microflora caused by the overgrowth of conditionally pathogenic bacteria. This condition can lead to various consequences, including inflammatory processes and diseases of the reproductive system.


  • Simple (basal) bacterial vaginosis;
  • Mixed bacterial vaginosis;
  • Complex (Polish) bacterial vaginosis.


  • Unusual odor of discharge;
  • Change in color of discharge;
  • Itching and irritation of the vagina;
  • Painful urination;
  • Discomfort during sexual intercourse.


Disruption of the vaginal microflora can be caused by various factors, including improper diet, alcohol consumption, stress, hormonal changes, poor hygiene, and the use of antibiotics.


For the diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis, laboratory tests of vaginal smears and determination of the vaginal pH level are carried out.


Treatment of bacterial vaginosis includes the use of antibiotics, probiotics, antiseptic drugs and recommendations for maintaining a healthy vaginal microflora.


  • Proper nutrition;
  • Maintaining hormonal balance;
  • Observance of intimate hygiene;
  • Avoiding stressful situations.


For the diagnosis and treatment of bacterial vaginosis, it is advisable to consult a gynecologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.