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What is Basal Cell Carcinoma?

Description of the disease

Basal cell carcinoma is a malignant tumor that develops from basal skin cells. It most commonly occurs on areas of the skin that have been exposed to ultraviolet radiation, such as the face, neck, and ears. Basal cell carcinoma usually grows slowly and rarely metastasizes.


Basal cell carcinoma is classified by the type of cells from which it develops, as well as the nature and extent of the tumor.


  • Crust or sore that doesn't heal within a few weeks
  • Red, pink, or white raised area
  • Frequent bleeding


The main cause of basal cell carcinoma is prolonged exposure to ultraviolet radiation on the skin, especially without protection. Genetic factors may also play a role in the development of the disease.


Various methods, including biopsy and dermatoscopy, are used to diagnose basal cell carcinoma. A doctor may also conduct an examination and ask questions about the symptoms and the patient's medical history.


Treatment for basal cell carcinoma depends on various factors, including the type and location of the tumor. Treatment options may include surgical removal, radiation therapy, cryotherapy, or the use of medications.


  • Avoid prolonged sun exposure, especially from 10 am to 4 pm
  • Use sun protection with high SPF
  • Wear protective clothing and headgear


For the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of basal cell carcinoma, it is necessary to consult a dermatologist or oncologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.