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What is Bronchial Asthma?

Description of the disease

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways, characterized by increased sensitivity of the bronchi to various irritants. In asthma, the narrowing of the bronchi occurs due to inflammation and contraction of the muscles of the airway walls, leading to difficulty breathing and asthma attacks.


  • Intermittent asthma
  • Mild persistent asthma
  • Moderate persistent asthma
  • Severe persistent asthma


  • Shortness of breath
  • Wheezing
  • Cough
  • Chest tightness


The causes of bronchial asthma can be genetic, immunological, environmental, as well as complementary factors.


The diagnosis of asthma includes history taking, physical examination, lung function tests, and allergy testing.


The treatment of asthma includes anti-inflammatory drugs, bronchodilators, inhalers, as well as patient education on managing their condition.


Prevention of asthma includes avoiding contact with allergens, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, and regular medical check-ups.


The treatment of bronchial asthma is carried out by a pulmonologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.