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What is Diphtheria?

Description of the disease:

Diphtheria is an acute infectious disease caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae. The main symptom is the formation of a grayish membrane on the tonsils and the back of the throat, which can lead to breathing difficulties.


  • Typical diphtheria
  • Non-obliterative diphtheria
  • Obliterative diphtheria


  • Sore, dry throat without cough
  • Formation of a grayish membrane
  • Enlarged lymph nodes
  • Fever


The disease is caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae, which is transmitted through respiratory droplets.


Diphtheria can be diagnosed through bacteriological examination by studying the presence of the bacterium in the throat secretions.


Treatment includes the use of antibiotics, removal of the membrane, and respiratory support.


Prevention includes vaccination against diphtheria.


Diphtheria is treated by an infectious disease specialist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.