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What is Eclampsia in Pregnant Women?

Description of the disease

Eclampsia is a severe complication of pregnancy characterized by the development of seizures, disruption of internal organ functions, and mental confusion.


Eclampsia can be classified as pre-eclampsia, essential (gestational) hypertension in pregnant women, and eclampsia.


  • High blood pressure;
  • Abdominal or headache pain;
  • Rapid swelling of the face and hands;
  • Pain in the epigastric area;
  • Pain in the right shoulder, neck, or eye;


Causes of eclampsia may include placental dysfunction, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, coagulation disorders, etc.


To diagnose eclampsia, the doctor performs blood and urine tests, measures blood pressure, and assesses liver and kidney function.


Treatment for eclampsia includes blood pressure control, use of anticonvulsant medications, and hospitalization for monitoring and maintenance of the health of the mother and baby.


Prevention of eclampsia includes proper nutrition, stress avoidance, regular blood pressure monitoring, and timely medical care.


The doctor who diagnoses and treats eclampsia is called an obstetrician-gynecologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.