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What is an Endometrioid Ovarian Cyst?

Description of the Disease

An endometrioid ovarian cyst is a benign tumor that forms from tissue resembling the inner lining of the uterus (endometrium) and is located in the ovary. This cyst often occurs in women of reproductive age and can cause various health problems.


  • Ovarian endometrioma
  • Ovarian endometriosis


Symptoms of an endometrioid ovarian cyst may include lower abdominal pain, irregular menstruation, pain during sexual intercourse, painful urination, abdominal bloating, and others.


The exact causes of endometrioid ovarian cyst formation are unknown, but it is believed to be associated with the spread of endometriosis beyond the uterus.


Diagnosis of an endometrioid ovarian cyst may require ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and other diagnostic methods.


Treatment may include observation, taking medications to control hormonal balance, and surgical removal of the cyst.


There are no specific methods for preventing an endometrioid ovarian cyst, but maintaining a healthy lifestyle and regular check-ups with a gynecologist can help detect the problem at an early stage.


Treatment of an endometrioid ovarian cyst is carried out by a gynecologist or reproductive endocrinologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.