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What is Endometriosis?

Description of the disease

Endometriosis is a pathological condition in which tissue similar to the endometrium (the inner lining of the uterus) grows outside the uterus. This condition most commonly occurs in women of reproductive age.


  • Endometriosis inside the uterus (adenomyosis)
  • Extrauterine endometriosis (endometriosis of the ovaries, ovarian endometrioma, fallopian tubes, abdominal cavity)


  • Pain in the lower abdomen and pelvis
  • Painful menstruation
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Urinary and bowel disturbances


The exact causes of endometriosis are not established, but genetics, hormonal disorders, immune factors, and environmental factors are believed to be contributing factors to this condition.


Diagnostic methods for endometriosis include gynecological examination, ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging, and laparoscopy.


Treatment for endometriosis may include the use of medications, surgical intervention, and physiotherapy.


  • Maintaining a healthy lifestyle
  • Prompt consultation with a doctor if symptoms are present
  • Using contraceptives


Endometriosis treatment is carried out by a gynecologist-endocrinologist.

Note: This material is provided solely for informational purposes and is not medical advice.