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What is Hepatomegaly?

Description of the disease

Hepatomegaly is the enlargement of the liver. This condition can be caused by various reasons such as viral infections, alcohol-induced liver damage, cancer, and other diseases.


  • Absolute hepatomegaly, associated with liver enlargement;
  • Relative hepatomegaly, associated with a decrease in the rib cage volume.


Symptoms of hepatomegaly may include pain or discomfort in the upper abdomen, fatigue, jaundice, edema, decreased appetite, and other signs.


Causes include viral infections (hepatitis), alcohol-induced liver damage, medications, autoimmune diseases, metabolic disorders, and cancer.


Methods used for the diagnosis of hepatomegaly include ultrasound, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, liver biopsy, and others.


Treatment depends on the underlying disease. In some cases, surgical intervention may be required. Medications, diet, and other methods are also used.


Prevention of hepatomegaly includes avoiding potentially harmful substances, vaccination against viral infections, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.


For the diagnosis and treatment of hepatomegaly, it is advisable to consult a gastroenterologist or hepatologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.