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What is Hydropneumothorax?

Description of the disease

Hydropneumothorax is a condition in which a large amount of fluid accumulates in the pleural cavity (the space between the inner surface of the chest wall and the outer surface of the lungs). This can lead to compression of the lung and difficulty breathing.


  • Hydropneumothorax can be classified as transudative (caused by changes in the circulatory system) or exudative (caused by inflammatory processes).


  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Dry cough
  • Feeling of heaviness in the chest


Hydropneumothorax can be caused by various reasons, including heart failure, infections, lung cancer, trauma, or surgical interventions.


Various diagnostic tests may be performed to diagnose hydropneumothorax, including chest X-ray, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), pleural cavity puncture.


The treatment of hydropneumothorax depends on its cause and includes draining the fluid from the pleural cavity, treating the underlying disease, and using diuretics.


Prevention of hydropneumothorax is related to preventing its underlying causes, such as heart failure or infections.


Hydropneumothorax treatment is carried out by a pulmonologist or thoracic surgeon.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.