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What is Hydrocele?

Description of the condition:

Hydrocele is a condition in which there is an accumulation of excess fluid in the scrotum, causing enlargement of the testicle. This usually occurs due to blockage of the duct that drains the fluid from the testicle.


Hydrocele can be congenital (caused by a non-closure of the connection between the abdominal cavity and the scrotum) or acquired (for example, due to injury or infection).


The main symptom of hydrocele is swelling of the testicle, sometimes accompanied by pain or heaviness. In some cases, a lump may appear in the scrotum.


The causes of hydrocele can vary from congenital anomalies to inflammatory processes or trauma.


The diagnosis of hydrocele is usually based on physical examination and ultrasound of the scrotum and testicle.


In most cases, hydrocele does not require treatment, especially if it does not cause discomfort. However, in case of complications or discomfort, surgical removal of the excess fluid may be necessary.


Since congenital hydrocele is not preventable, the main prevention is early consultation with a doctor if symptoms appear.


If hydrocele is suspected, it is advisable to consult a urologist or surgeon.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.