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Giant Cell Tumor of Bone

Description of the Disease

Giant cell tumor of bone is a rare type of tumor that arises from giant or multinucleated cells of the bone tissue. This disease most commonly occurs in children and young adults.


  • Benign giant cell tumor of bone
  • Malignant giant cell tumor of bone


  • Pain in the affected bone area
  • Swelling at the site of the tumor
  • Limitation of movement in the joint


The causes of giant cell tumor of bone are unknown, but it is possible that genetic and environmental factors may play a role in the development of the disease.


Diagnosis of giant cell tumor of bone typically involves the use of X-rays, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging.


Treatment may include surgical removal of the tumor, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy, depending on the type and stage of the tumor.


Since the causes of the disease are unknown, specific prevention is not available. However, a healthy lifestyle and regular medical check-ups can help detect the tumor at an early stage.


Consultation with an oncologist or orthopedic surgeon is required for the treatment of giant cell tumor of bone.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.