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What is a Hygroma?

Description of the Disease

Hygroma is a benign tumor that usually forms on the joints or tendons. It consists of a cyst filled with mucous and can cause discomfort during movement.


  • Synovial Hygroma
  • Tenosynovial Hygroma
  • Hygroma of the joint capsule


Symptoms of hygroma may include swelling in the area of the tumor, pain or discomfort during movement, a feeling of tension or elasticity on touch.


The causes of hygroma formation are not always known, but are often associated with injury or excessive joint or tendon activity.


Various methods, including ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging, and cyst puncture for analysis of the contents, may be used to diagnose hygroma.


Treatment of hygroma may include observation, medication, physiotherapy, or surgical removal of the tumor.


Preventing hygroma is linked to preventing injuries and excessive joint and tendon activity.


Hygroma treatment is usually carried out by an orthopedic surgeon or a surgeon.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.