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What Is Hyperprolactinemia?

Description of the disease

Hyperprolactinemia is a condition in which the level of prolactin in the blood is elevated. Prolactin is a hormone responsible for regulating the mammary glands and milk production in women after childbirth. However, in men and non-pregnant women, prolactin also plays a role in regulating various physiological processes in the body.


  • Physiological hyperprolactinemia
  • Pathological hyperprolactinemia


  • Menstrual cycle disturbances in women
  • Galactorrhea (discharge of milk from the mammary glands)
  • Decreased libido
  • Erectile dysfunction in men


Hyperprolactinemia can be caused by various factors, including pituitary pathologies, the use of certain medications, stress, hypothyroidism, etc.


For diagnosis, the doctor may prescribe blood tests for prolactin levels, MRI of the brain, ultrasound of the pelvic organs, etc.


Treatment of hyperprolactinemia depends on its cause. It may involve medication, surgical intervention, radiotherapy, etc.


Since hyperprolactinemia is often associated with various pathologies, prevention involves timely consultation with a doctor when symptoms of menstrual cycle disturbances, discharge of milk from the mammary glands, etc., appear.


Endocrinologist treats hyperprolactinemia.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.