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What is Hypertension?

Description of the disease

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is elevated. This can lead to serious complications such as heart attack, stroke, and kidney problems.


  • There is primary (or essential) hypertension, which has no specific cause, and secondary hypertension, caused by other diseases or medications.


Symptoms of hypertension may include headache, fatigue, difficulty breathing, dizziness, and changes in vision.


The main causes of hypertension are unhealthy diet, lack of physical activity, excess weight, heredity, and stress.


Diagnosis of hypertension involves measuring blood pressure, blood and urine tests, as well as instrumental methods of examination.


Treatment of hypertension includes lifestyle changes, medication, blood pressure control, and regular visits to the doctor.


Prevention of hypertension involves a healthy lifestyle, moderate salt intake, quitting harmful habits, and regular blood pressure monitoring.


Hypertension is diagnosed and treated by therapists, cardiologists, and nephrologists.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.