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What is Hypertension?

Description of the disease

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a condition of constantly elevated pressure in the blood vessels. This condition can lead to serious complications, such as heart attack, stroke, and damage to internal organs.


Hypertension is classified as primary (or essential) and secondary. Primary hypertension has no specific cause, while secondary hypertension is a result of other diseases, such as kidney disorders or endocrine disorders.


Symptoms of hypertension may include headaches, dizziness, shortness of breath, fatigue, and vision disturbances.


The causes of hypertension can be various, including genetic predisposition, lifestyle, excessive salt intake, certain medications, and other factors.


Diagnosis of hypertension includes blood pressure measurement, blood analysis, ultrasound examination of the heart and kidneys, as well as electrocardiogram.


Treatment of hypertension may include lifestyle changes, medication, regular monitoring of blood pressure, and in some cases, surgical intervention.


Prevention of hypertension includes maintaining a healthy lifestyle, balanced diet, regular physical exercise, and monitoring blood pressure levels.


The diagnosis and treatment of hypertension is carried out by a cardiologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.