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Myocardial Hypertrophy

Description of the disease:

Myocardial hypertrophy is a condition in which the wall of the heart thickens due to the enlargement of the size and volume of myocardial muscle cells. This condition can be caused by various factors, including hypertension, heart valve disorders, genetic factors, and other diseases. Myocardial hypertrophy can lead to impaired heart function and the development of heart failure.


  • Myocardial hypertrophy can be classified as symmetric or asymmetric, depending on the thickening of the heart wall.
  • It can also be divided into localized and generalized hypertrophy.


  • Chest pain
  • Sensation of rapid heartbeat
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath


Myocardial hypertrophy can be caused by genetic predispositions, hypertension, valvular and heart diseases, excessive alcohol consumption, and other factors.


Diagnosis includes physical examination, ECG, echocardiogram, MRI or computed tomography.


Treatment may include medications to lower blood pressure, surgical intervention, as well as lifestyle changes such as weight control, moderate physical exercise, and diet.


Prevention includes proper nutrition, moderate physical activity, blood pressure control, avoiding excessive alcohol consumption, and timely medical attention at the first symptoms of the disease.


A cardiologist is involved in the diagnosis and treatment of myocardial hypertrophy.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.