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What is Hypoparathyroidism?

Description of the Disease

Hypoparathyroidism is a condition in which the parathyroid gland produces insufficient amount of parathyroid hormone, leading to disruption of calcium metabolism in the body.


Hypoparathyroidism can be primary, secondary, or related to impaired sensitivity to parathyroid hormone.


Symptoms of hypoparathyroidism may include muscle cramps, numbness in extremities, joint pain, weakness, fatigue, as well as problems with bones and teeth.


Causes of hypoparathyroidism may include malfunction of the parathyroid gland, autoimmune diseases, genetic disorders, and thyroid surgery.


Diagnosis of hypoparathyroidism involves analyzing the levels of calcium, phosphate, and parathyroid hormone in the blood, as well as bone imaging.


Treatment of hypoparathyroidism may include taking parathyroid hormone, vitamin D, calcium supplements, as well as dietary adjustments.


Prevention of hypoparathyroidism involves timely diagnosis and treatment of parathyroid gland disorders, and adherence to the doctor's recommendations for vitamin and mineral intake.


Endocrinologist is responsible for the diagnosis, treatment, and management of hypoparathyroidism.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.