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What is Gonarthrosis?

Description of the disease

Gonarthrosis is a degenerative joint disease of the knees. It is characterized by the destruction of cartilage and leads to pain and limited mobility.


  • In primary gonarthrosis, both knee joints are affected, and in secondary gonarthrosis, only one joint is affected.
  • Gonarthrosis is also divided into 4 degrees of severity.


  • Pain in the knees
  • Swelling and stiffness of the joints
  • Cracking and clicking in the joints


The main causes of gonarthrosis are excess weight, joint injuries, genetic predisposition, and age-related changes.


Diagnosis of gonarthrosis includes X-rays, MRI, and analysis of joint fluid.


Treatment of gonarthrosis may include non-drug methods (physiotherapy, massage, exercises) and medication. In some cases, surgical intervention may be required.


Prevention of gonarthrosis includes weight control, avoiding injuries, and moderate physical activity.


Gonarthrosis is treated by an orthopedic surgeon.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.