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What is Ulcerative Colitis?

Description of the disease

Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the large intestine, characterized by the formation of ulcers and sores on the mucous membrane of the intestine. This condition can lead to various complications, such as bleeding, perforation of the intestine, and even cancer.


  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Crohn's colitis


  • Bloody diarrhea
  • Pain and cramp-like pain in the abdomen
  • Frequent involuntary defecation


The causes of ulcerative colitis are not fully understood. However, it is believed that genetic, environmental, and immunological factors may influence the development of the disease.


Various methods are used to diagnose ulcerative colitis, such as colonoscopy, biopsy, blood tests, and others.


Treatment of ulcerative colitis may include the use of anti-inflammatory drugs, immunomodulators, corticosteroids, and, in some cases, surgical intervention.


Prevention of ulcerative colitis may include a healthy lifestyle, proper nutrition, stress avoidance, and regular medical check-ups.


To diagnose and treat ulcerative colitis, it is advisable to consult a gastroenterologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.