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What is Ichthyosis?

Description of the disease:

Ichthyosis is a group of inherited skin disorders characterized by abnormal keratinization of the skin, resulting in rough, scaly, and shedding skin.


Ichthyosis is divided into several types, including inherited and acquired. Inherited ichthyosis can be autosomal recessive, autosomal dominant, or X-linked.


Symptoms of ichthyosis include dry and flaky skin, the appearance of scales, frequent dry patches, and itching.


The cause of ichthyosis is a disruption of genes responsible for producing proteins necessary for the normal state of the skin.


Diagnosis of ichthyosis involves a clinical examination, study of the patient's medical history, skin biopsy, and genetic tests.


Treatment of ichthyosis aims to moisturize the skin, soften rough areas, and prevent the formation of scales. Creams, ointments, gels, and in some cases, systemic medications are used.


Genetic counseling before pregnancy planning, searching for prematurely feeding mutations, and measures to reduce the risk of familial occurrence of the disease.


Ichthyosis is managed by a dermatologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.