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What is Interstitial Cystitis?

Description of the disease

Interstitial cystitis (IC) is a chronic condition characterized by inflammation and irritation of the walls of the bladder. This condition often leads to lower abdominal pain and the need to urinate frequently.


  • Classic IC
  • Unspecified IC
  • Pseudo-interstitial cystitis


  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Frequent urination
  • Painful urination
  • Constant feeling of bladder fullness


The causes of IC are unknown but may include genetic, immunological, and environmental factors.


Diagnosing IC involves taking a medical history, physical examination, cystoscopy, and urodynamic testing.


Treatment of IC includes dietary changes, physical therapy, medication therapy, as well as procedures to strengthen the walls of the bladder.


Prevention of IC involves avoiding potentially irritating products, managing stress, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.


A urologist or gynecologist may be involved in the diagnosis and treatment of interstitial cystitis.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.