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What is Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD)?

Description of the disease

Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is a condition in which almost all parts of the heart do not receive enough blood. This occurs due to narrowed or blocked arteries supplying the heart with blood. As a result, the heart does not receive enough oxygen and nutrients, which can cause disease and damage to the heart muscle.


  • Stable IHD
  • Unstable IHD
  • Myocardial bridging syndrome


  • Chest pain
  • Feeling of heaviness in the chest
  • Pain spreading to the arm, neck, jaw, back
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue


The main causes of IHD include atherosclerosis, hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol, lifestyle, and genetic factors.


Diagnosis includes ECG, stress tests, coronary angiography, as well as blood tests for cholesterol levels and other indicators.


Treatment may include medication, artery reconstruction procedures, as well as lifestyle and diet changes.


Preventive measures include exercise, healthy eating, control of cholesterol and blood pressure levels, and quitting smoking.


A cardiologist specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of IHD.

Note: This material is provided solely for informational purposes and is not medical advice.