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What is Spinal Deformation?

Description of the disease

Spinal deformation, or scoliosis, is a pathological condition in which the spine deviates from its normal axis, leading to a curvature of the back.


  • By age of onset: juvenile scoliosis, adolescent scoliosis, adult scoliosis;
  • By the shape of the curvature: C-shaped scoliosis, S-shaped scoliosis;
  • By causes of occurrence: idiopathic scoliosis, secondary scoliosis.


Symptoms of spinal deformation may include uneven shoulders, asymmetry of the pelvis, back pain, fatigue when standing or walking for long periods.


The causes of spinal deformation can be diverse, including developmental disorders of the spine, muscular imbalances, injuries, and heredity.


Diagnosis of scoliosis involves the use of X-rays, computed tomography of the spine, and magnetic resonance imaging.


Treatment of spinal deformation may include physical therapy, braces, therapeutic massage, and surgical intervention in severe cases.


Prevention of spinal deformation includes a healthy lifestyle, regular physical activity, and maintaining proper posture.


Treatment and diagnosis of scoliosis is carried out by an orthopedic surgeon or neurosurgeon.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.