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What is Cholestasis?

Description of the disease

Cholestasis is a condition in which there is a disruption of bile flow from the liver, leading to its retention in the hepatic ducts or gallbladder.


  • Mechanical cholestasis
  • Functional cholestasis
  • Pregnancy cholestasis


Symptoms of cholestasis may include jaundice, itching, dark urine, light-colored stool, and pain in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen.


Causes of cholestasis may include hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, tumors of the biliary tract, pregnancy, and certain medications.


Diagnostic tests for cholestasis include blood tests, ultrasound, CT scan, MRI, and liver biopsy.


Treatment of cholestasis depends on its cause and may include medications, procedures to improve bile flow, and surgical intervention.


Prevention of cholestasis includes maintaining a healthy lifestyle, avoiding harmful habits, and seeking timely medical attention when symptoms appear.


Cholestasis is treated by a gastroenterologist or a hepatologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.