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What is Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI)?

Description of the condition

Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a condition in which the veins do not function properly, leading to inadequate blood flow in the lower extremities. This results in swelling, pain, and in some cases the development of skin ulcers.


  • Acute CVI
  • Chronic progressive CVI
  • Chronic static CVI


  • Swelling and heaviness in the legs
  • Painful cramps at night
  • Changes in skin color and texture


The main causes of CVI include varicose veins, thrombosis, injuries, and disorders of the venous valves.


Diagnosis is based on physical examination, venous ultrasound, and X-ray.


Treatment of CVI includes wearing compression stockings, taking medication, physiotherapy, and in some cases, surgical intervention.


Preventing CVI includes maintaining a healthy lifestyle, controlling weight, engaging in active physical activity, and avoiding prolonged standing or sitting.


Treatment of CVI is carried out by a phlebologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.