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What is Intestinal Obstruction?

Description of the Disease

Intestinal obstruction is a condition in which there is a blockage or narrowing of the intestinal lumen, hindering the passage of content through the intestine.


  • Mechanical intestinal obstruction
  • Functional intestinal obstruction


Symptoms of intestinal obstruction may include severe abdominal pain, absence of gas and stool, bloating, nausea, and vomiting.


The cause of mechanical intestinal obstruction may be tumors, strictures, intraintestinal adhesions, and other obstructions. Functional intestinal obstruction is often associated with spasms or muscular weakness of the intestine.


Diagnosis of intestinal obstruction may involve X-ray studies, CT scans, colonoscopy, and other methods.


Treatment of intestinal obstruction may include conservative methods such as medication, as well as surgical intervention to remove the obstruction.


Prevention of intestinal obstruction involves preventing its causes, such as proper nutrition, avoiding trauma, and seeking timely medical attention when symptoms appear.


Intestinal obstruction is treated by a gastroenterologist or surgeon.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.