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What is Bartholin's Gland Cyst?

Description of the disease

A Bartholin's gland cyst is a formation that occurs due to the blockage of the Bartholin's gland duct. It can be filled with fluid or semi-solid substances and usually forms at the entrance to the vagina.


  • Simple cyst - forms due to blockage of the duct.
  • Abscess - an infectious inflammatory formation that develops against the background of a simple cyst.


  • Tenderness and swelling in the vaginal area.
  • Difficulty walking and sitting.
  • Painful sexual intercourse.


The main cause of Bartholin's gland cyst formation is the blockage of the duct, leading to the retention of secretion inside the gland and the formation of a cyst. Infection can also be the cause of abscess formation.


The diagnosis of Bartholin's gland cyst is made based on examination by a doctor and ultrasound examination.


Treatment may include taking anti-inflammatory drugs, applying warm compresses, draining the abscess, and in some cases, surgical removal of the cyst.


To prevent the formation of Bartholin's gland cyst, it is recommended to maintain vaginal hygiene, avoid trauma to the area, and timely treat inflammatory processes.


Bartholin's gland cyst is treated by a gynecologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.