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What is Kidney Cyst?

Description of the disease

A kidney cyst is a fluid-filled bubble that forms on the kidney. It can be solitary or multiple, and come in various sizes.


  • Simple cyst
  • Polycystic kidney disease


Most kidney cysts do not cause any symptoms and are usually discovered incidentally during an ultrasound or other imaging tests.


The causes of kidney cyst formation can be genetic, acquired, or age-related. The exact reasons for cyst formation are not yet established.


Diagnosing a kidney cyst typically involves ultrasound, computerized tomography, or magnetic resonance imaging.


In most cases, small and asymptomatic kidney cysts do not require treatment. If symptoms develop or there is a risk of cyst rupture, surgical intervention may be necessary.


Unfortunately, prevention of kidney cysts is unknown, as the exact causes of their formation have not been established.


For consultation and treatment of kidney cysts, it is important to see a urologist or nephrologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.