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What is a Neck Cyst?

Description of the disease

A neck cyst is an abnormal cavity that forms in the tissues of the neck. It may contain fluid, pus, or other substances. Neck cysts are often painless, but they can cause discomfort or problems with breathing, swallowing, or speaking, especially if they reach a large size.


Neck cysts are classified into several types depending on their origin and content. The most common types are epidermal cysts, giant lymphatic cysts, and thyroglossal cysts.


Symptoms of a neck cyst may include a lump or swelling in the neck area, tenderness when touched, pressure on blood vessels or nerves, difficulty breathing, swallowing, or speaking.


Neck cysts can arise due to blockage of gland secretions in the neck area, infection, trauma, or congenital anomalies.


Diagnosing a neck cyst may require examination of the ear, nose, and throat, ultrasound, CT, or MRI.


Treatment for a neck cyst may include medication therapy, drainage of the cyst, or surgical removal.


Preventing a neck cyst involves proper skin care, timely treatment of neck infections and traumas.


An oncologist or surgeon can be consulted if a neck cyst is suspected.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.