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What is Coloboma of the eye?

Description of the condition:

Coloboma of the eye is a congenital or acquired opening in the wall of the eyeball, which can affect various parts of the eye, including the iris, lens, retina, or optic nerve.


  • Congenital coloboma
  • Acquired coloboma


Symptoms vary depending on the location and size of the coloboma, but may include impaired vision, abnormal pupil shape, incomplete eyelid closure, and others.


Congenital coloboma may be caused by genetic factors, while acquired coloboma may be caused by injury or infection.


The diagnosis is usually made by an ophthalmologist based on eye examination and special tests, such as ultrasound and X-ray.


Treatment may include surgical intervention to restore the eye's structure or vision correction with glasses or contact lenses.


Since congenital coloboma is associated with genetic factors, prevention involves genetic counseling and family planning.


To diagnose and treat coloboma of the eye, it is necessary to consult an ophthalmologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.