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What is Strabismus?

Description of the disease

Strabismus is a condition in which one or both eyes deviate from their normal position and do not look in the same direction. This can be caused by various factors, such as muscle weakness, nervous system disorders, or genetic factors.


  • Esotropia - deviation of the eye towards the nose
  • Exotropia - deviation of the eye away from the nose
  • Hypertropia - upward deviation of the eye
  • Hypotropia - downward deviation of the eye


  • Deviation of the eye from its normal position
  • Double vision
  • Eye strain and headache
  • Weakness of eye muscles


The causes of strabismus can be diverse, including heredity, trauma, nervous system disorders, eye diseases, and other factors.


To diagnose strabismus, an examination by an ophthalmologist is necessary, possibly using special tests and eye examinations.


Treatment of strabismus may include wearing glasses or contact lenses, performing special eye exercises, and in some cases, surgical intervention may be required.


For the prevention of strabismus, it is important to take care of the eye health, properly distribute the load on the eyes, and undergo regular eye examinations by an ophthalmologist.


An ophthalmologist is involved in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of strabismus.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.