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What is Cryptorchidism?

Description of the disease

Cryptorchidism is a congenital or acquired condition in which one or both testes do not descend into the scrotum in boys or do not remain in the pelvic cavity in girls.


  • Retention of the testis
  • Ectopia of the testis


The main symptom of cryptorchidism is the absence of the testes in the scrotum. In boys, this is usually noticed during examination, while in girls it may be more difficult to detect.


The causes of cryptorchidism can be diverse, including disturbances in the descent of the testes during fetal development, genetic factors, trauma, and infections.


Diagnosis of cryptorchidism involves a doctor's examination, ultrasound imaging, and other tests to determine the location of the testes.


Treatment of cryptorchidism may include observation, hormonal therapy, surgical intervention, or a combination of these, depending on the situation.


Prevention of cryptorchidism involves early detection and treatment of this condition in children, as well as care for the mother's health during pregnancy.


Consultation with a urologist or pediatric surgeon is required for the diagnosis and treatment of cryptorchidism.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.