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What is Croup?

Description of the disease

Croup is a viral disease characterized by inflammation of the airways and the formation of mucous-purulent edema in the larynx. This condition can be dangerous, especially for young children.


  • Mild croup
  • Severe croup


  • Hoarse or barking cough
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Bluish skin around the mouth and nose


Croup is caused by viruses, most commonly parainfluenza or respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).


The diagnosis of croup is based on clinical manifestations and a doctor's examination. Sometimes a chest X-ray may be required.


Treatment of croup may include steam inhalations, antiviral medications, and, in severe cases, oxygen therapy.


  • Avoiding contact with people with respiratory infections
  • Ensuring good ventilation in living spaces
  • Observing hand hygiene


Croup is treated by an otolaryngologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.