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What is Lymphedema?

Description of the disease

Lymphedema is a chronic condition characterized by tissue swelling due to improper functioning of the lymphatic system.


  • By cause: primary (due to congenital abnormalities) and secondary (resulting from other diseases or trauma).
  • By extent: localized and extensive.


  • Tissue swelling.
  • Heaviness and pain in the limbs.
  • Altered sensation.
  • Skin changes.
  • Infectious complications.


Lymphedema can occur as a result of surgical interventions, radiation therapy, infections, or lymph node or vessel abnormalities.


Clinical examinations, ultrasound, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging are used for diagnosing lymphedema.


Treatment involves a comprehensive approach including physiotherapy, lymphatic drainage, medication, surgical intervention, or the use of compression garments.


Prevention of lymphedema involves proper skin care, injury prevention, and weight management.


Lymphedema is treated by a lymphologist or phlebologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.