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What is Melanoma?

Description of the disease

Melanoma is a malignant tumor that develops from melanocytes, cells that produce the pigment melanin. It can occur in the skin, mucous membranes, or eyes.


  • Surface spreading melanoma
  • Nodular melanoma
  • Lentigo maligna melanoma


  • New growth or change in an existing mole
  • Rich black, brown, red, or blue color
  • Irregular shape


The main causes of melanoma are exposure to ultraviolet radiation, genetic predisposition, a weakened immune system, and environmental factors.


Diagnosis of melanoma involves dermatoscopy, biopsy, and various educational programs for patient self-examination.


Treatment of melanoma includes surgical removal of the tumor, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, and targeted therapy.


Prevention of melanoma includes protection from ultraviolet radiation, regular self-examination of the skin, visiting a dermatologist, and timely removal of moles or new growths.


To diagnose and treat melanoma, it is necessary to consult a dermatologist or oncologist.

Note: This material is provided solely for informational purposes and is not medical advice.