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What is Mitral Stenosis?

Description of the disease:

Mitral stenosis is a condition in which the mitral valve narrows, leading to restricted blood flow from the left atrium to the left ventricle. This is a form of heart defects and affects the blood flow in the body.


  • By the degree of stenosis: mild, moderate, severe
  • By stage: compensated, decompensated


  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue
  • Edema
  • Chest pain


The main cause of mitral stenosis is rheumatic fever, although it can also be caused by other heart diseases.


Diagnosis of mitral stenosis includes physical examination, electrocardiography, echocardiography, and other diagnostic methods.


Treatment may include taking medication, surgical intervention to repair or replace the valve, as well as regular monitoring by a cardiologist.


Prevention of mitral stenosis includes timely treatment of rheumatic infection, as well as monitoring the condition of the cardiovascular system.


Mitral stenosis is usually treated by a cardiologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.