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What is Multiple Myeloma?

Description of the disease

Multiple myeloma is a malignant disease that affects the bone marrow. The basis of this disease is the malfunctioning of plasma cells, which leads to the formation of tumors in the bone marrow.


Multiple myeloma is classified as a hematologic malignancy, meaning a malignant neoplasm related to blood formation.


Symptoms of multiple myeloma may include bone pain, weakness, anemia, frequent infections, and increased susceptibility to fractures.


The causes of multiple myeloma are not fully understood, but risk factors include genetic predisposition, exposure to radiation, and certain viruses.


Diagnosis of multiple myeloma involves laboratory tests of blood and urine, bone marrow biopsy, radiological imaging, and other methods.


Treatment of multiple myeloma may include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, bone marrow transplantation, as well as medications aimed at reducing symptoms and slowing the progression of the disease.


Since the causes of multiple myeloma are not fully understood, there is no specific prevention. However, avoiding exposure to radiation and certain viruses, as well as maintaining a healthy lifestyle, may reduce the risk of the disease.


Multiple myeloma is treated by oncologists or hematologists specializing in blood and bone marrow diseases.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.