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What is Nephrosclerosis?

Description of the disease

Nephrosclerosis is a chronic kidney disease characterized by the gradual replacement of healthy kidney tissue with connective tissue. This leads to impaired kidney function and the development of chronic kidney failure.


  • Atrophic nephrosclerosis
  • Glomerular nephrosclerosis
  • Hypertensive nephrosclerosis


Symptoms of nephrosclerosis may include high blood pressure, edema, lower back pain, urinary disturbances, fatigue, weakness.


The main causes of nephrosclerosis are chronic kidney diseases, arterial hypertension, diabetes, inflammatory processes in the kidneys.


To diagnose nephrosclerosis, general clinical blood and urine tests, ultrasound examination of the kidneys, and kidney tissue biopsy are performed.


The treatment of nephrosclerosis is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease, controlling blood pressure, and maintaining kidney function. In some cases, dialysis or kidney transplantation may be required.


Prevention of nephrosclerosis includes controlling blood pressure, treating chronic kidney diseases, and taking care of kidney health.


Nephrosclerosis is treated by a nephrologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.