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What is Nephrotic Syndrome?

Description of the disease

Nephrotic syndrome is a condition characterized by impaired kidney function, leading to the presence of edema, protein in the urine, and elevated levels of cholesterol in the blood.


  • By causes: primary and secondary.
  • By clinical manifestations: edema, proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, hyperlipidemia.


Edema, especially in the area around the eyes and legs, protein in the urine, elevated cholesterol levels, fatigue, anemia, high blood pressure.


Causes can be various: allergic reactions, infections, autoimmune diseases, tumors, genetic factors.


Diagnosis includes blood and urine tests, kidney ultrasound, kidney biopsy.


Treatment is based on addressing the underlying cause, medication, dietary adjustments, and blood pressure control.


Prevention includes maintaining a healthy lifestyle, timely treatment of infections, and monitoring blood pressure and cholesterol levels.


Treatment is carried out by a nephrologist or a general practitioner.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.