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What is Trigeminal Neuralgia?

Description of the Disease

Trigeminal neuralgia is a rare but intense pain condition characterized by sharp, shooting pains in the facial area. They can be triggered by even minor irritants such as wind or talking.


  • Cause-related
  • Idiopathic
  • Atactic


  • Intense pain in the facial area
  • Muscle weakness
  • Tingling or burning


Causes of trigeminal neuralgia may be related to nerve compression, inflammation or deformation of blood vessels, genetic factors, or injury.


Diagnosis of trigeminal neuralgia involves a medical examination, neuroimaging studies, and conducting special tests to assess sensitivity and reflexes.


Treatment may include the use of medications, physical therapy, injections of medications into the nerve area, as well as surgical intervention in case of accompanying disorders.


Prevention of trigeminal neuralgia involves preventing injuries and inflammatory processes in the facial area, as well as regular medical check-ups to timely detect possible problems.


If trigeminal neuralgia is suspected, it is advisable to consult a neurologist for further examination and treatment.