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What is Nystagmus?

Description of the disease

Nystagmus is involuntary and rhythmic movements of the eye balls, which can manifest as constant oscillatory movements or involuntary slow and fast eye movements. This condition can be caused by various reasons and have different forms of manifestation.


  • Congenital nystagmus
  • Acquired nystagmus
  • Latent nystagmus
  • Acquired nystagmus


  • Involuntary eye oscillations
  • Difficulty with focusing
  • Reduced visual acuity


The causes of nystagmus can be various and include congenital anomalies, injuries, brain trauma, infections, balance disorders, and others. An examination is necessary to establish the exact cause in each specific patient.


The diagnosis of nystagmus involves an ophthalmologist examination, neurological tests, computer tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and other methods of examination aimed at identifying the causes and nature of the disease.


The treatment of nystagmus depends on its cause. It may include wearing special glasses, treating the underlying disease, surgical intervention, and other correction methods.


Since nystagmus can have various causes, there are no universal prevention methods. However, preventing injuries and infections, regular medical check-ups, and timely treatment of other diseases can reduce the risk of developing this condition.


Nystagmus treatment is carried out by an ophthalmologist or neuro-ophthalmologist.

Note: This material is provided solely for informational purposes and is not medical advice.