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What is Osteoarthritis (Osteoarthritis)?

Description of the disease

Osteoarthritis, or osteoarthritis, is a degenerative joint disease characterized by destruction of cartilage tissue and changes in bones.


  • Osteoarthritis can be primary (basic) or secondary (occurring against the background of other diseases).
  • There are also forms of the disease depending on the affected joints: knee, hip, heel, etc.


  • Pain in the joints during movement or load
  • Swelling and stiffness in the joints
  • Crunching and squeaking during movement


The main causes of osteoarthritis are excessive load on the joints, injuries, age-related changes, and metabolic disorders.


X-ray, MRI, and joint fluid analysis are used to diagnose osteoarthritis.


Treatment includes physiotherapy, drug therapy, massage, therapeutic exercises, and, if necessary, surgical intervention.


  • Maintaining a healthy lifestyle
  • Proper Nutrition
  • Weight control


Osteoarthritis is treated by an arthrologist, rheumatologist, or traumatologist-orthopedist.

Note: This material is provided solely for informational purposes and is not medical advice.